Topic 2 DQ 2- Answer # 4

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Please write a Paragraph answering to this discussion below with your opinion:

According to the American Nurses Association, “nursing can be
described as both an art and a science; a heart and a mind. At its heart, lies
a fundamental respect for human dignity and an intuition for a patient’s needs.
This is supported by the mind, in the form of rigorous core learning”.
(American Nurses Association website, n.d.). The four metaparadigms of nursing
are person, environment, health/illness, and nursing. These four concepts
relate to the beneficiaries of nursing care.

Person is the first concept. The person is the one receiving the
nursing care. The nurse should be aware that this can consist of the
individual, the family, friends, and the community. Interchanging words such as
“patient” or “client” is normally used to refer to the above.

Environment is the second concept. It touches on the internal,
external, and social factors that affect a patient’s overall health and
well-being. Examples of this include genetics, culture, and mental state.

Health/Illness is the third concept. Health can be acceptable to
one person and unacceptable to the other. This all depends on the person’s
definition of health. Health consists of spiritual, emotional, physical,
psychological, and intellectual aspects.

Nursing is the last concept. This concept is what makes a nurse.
Factors of “what nurses do” are assessment, diagnosis, outcomes/planning,
implementation, and evaluation. Nurses apply their hands on/ hands off patient
care in this concept and apply their advanced knowledge.

In conclusion, all four of these concepts are tied together to
better the needs of patient(s).


Thompson, C. (2017, November 10). What is the Nursing
Metaparadigm? Retrieved April 09, 2018, from

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