According to Freud and behaviorist movement Week 2 discussion help

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There seemed to be a break from Freud and the behaviorist movement in where humans were considered to be just like animals and could be conditioned as such. Freud had a belief of conscious and the unconscious that played a role in forming the id, ego and the superego of a person (Chein. 1943). Where the id wants certain needs met, the ego will allow the person to follow certain norms and change actions that will still allow for the need to be met. This was followed by the superego, which is a set of values and morals a person has learned. While this can be tied to behaviorist theories, they do not always work. The reason is that humans are able to evaluate and decide instead of just behave. The five tenets or beliefs of the Humanistic movement are “1. Human beings, as human, are more than merely the sum of their parts. They cannot be reduced to component parts or functions. 2. Human beings exist in a uniquely human context, as well as in a cosmic ecology. 3. Human beings are aware and aware of being aware—i.e., they are conscious. Human consciousness potentially includes an awareness of oneself in the context of other people and the cosmos. 4. Human beings have some choice, and with that, responsibility. 5. Human beings are intentional, aim at goals, are aware that they cause future events, and seek meaning, value and creativity.” (Aanstoos, Serlin, & Greening. 2000. page 7) These tenets were used to form the idea of the human psyche and explain it to the American Psychological Association (APA) in order to be able to form their own division, division 32 (The Handbook of Humanistic Psychology, 2015). The main reason is that psychology had taken the human aspects out of the science. While some things work with animals, they may or may not get the same results with humans. The reason is that animals do not have the full capacity of their own being and there are things such as morals and values that animals do not or cannot understand. As a human grows and learns, they can rationalize and act in a way that is socially acceptable. To a point, this can be conditioned; however, there is the human element of free thought. A person with low self-esteem most likely did not start that way. Through their experiences they were taught the have low self-esteem. A baby cries when it is hungry. As the child grows up, it has learned to communicate when it is hungry and it will get fed. As the child grows, they learn that something they have to wait a bit to eat. As the child matures, the id is still there, as the child is hungry; however, the ego will let the person know that some things happen in certain social norms, like ordering food and waiting for it to come to your table. With the superego, the id is in a battle with the superego and what is considered values. A person is hungry and does not have any food. They can ask for the food or steal the food. The person does not ask for the food because of pride. They do not steal the food because it is wrong to steal. Here the superego has overridden the need of the id. These things are expanded upon by the humanist movement and explored in more details. But if you do a quick look, they are not that far off from some of Freud’s ideas.

Please respond to the above question using 150-250 words. Please also use at least 1 reference that is from a peer reviewed article or journal not a website reference. Please also cite the reference in APA 6th edition format.

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