Macro Environment Analyses

Macro Environment Analyses

Use the PESTEL framework, to discuss and analyze how three of the forces in the macro-environment (e.g., macroeconomic, technological, demographics, etc.) have significantly impacted this business — TONY’s EXPRESS (Freight industry/ transportation industry), its operations, processes, target market reach, survival, and profitability during the last year.

Refer to Ch. 2 External Analysis, The “Macro-environment” 

Provide about 1-2 paragraphs for each force and your justification. 

Do not provide textbook information (e.g., the definitions, etc.) but use the knowledge offered in the textbook to develop your response.

You get credit for this question only if you justify your answers by citing reliable information from valid sources (websites, online articles, databases, etc.). check out these suggestions


Using valid sources to justify your answers is not enough. You should cite the sources correctly to avoid plagiarism. 

Make sure you paraphrase the information in your words. Do not use quotation marks and exact repetition of what the sources say more than once.

How do the MNCs adopt/face/respond to Industrial relations/labour relations policies

Topic – Team Report – MNCs and Global Industrial Relations context (30%)


Students will write a 1500-word report concerning the following issues:

Q1. How do the MNCs adopt/face/respond to Industrial relations/labour relations policies of host countries they operate in, especially if the parent country and host countries have contrasting views on the role of unions? (For instance, Home country is low unionized/anti-union and Host country is unionized/pro-union and vice versa)


Q2. Based on your research provide suggestion on how the MNCs can overcome the industrial relation challenges faced in host country.


Report should be based on multiple real life MNC examples and/or country/region wide discussions. Descriptive assignments will be marked down. Provide a very short introduction one paragraph half- page only. Your focus should be on Q1 as that’s your main analysis. Include proper in-text citations and APA style referencing for all sources. A minimum of 15 references are required. Follow the APA Report style but DONOT include executive summary – This way you can use your 1500 words towards analysis.


Requirements: TEAM CHARTER – GROUP SUBMISSION – You are required to submit team charter for the team project after you have finalized your team members (only one charter per team). You should agree on meeting times, team goals, allocation of tasks and deadlines for work submission. Signing the charter means you all agree to the goals and tasks. Hand over the team charter to your instructor in week 5 using ‘dropbox’ submission available in week 5.

TEAM EVALUATIONS – INDIVIDUAL SUBMISSION – In week 10 each team member will separately submit the team evaluation form using ‘dropbox’ submission. Inform your instructor right away if any team member is not cooperating and not performing the assigned tasks. After the result is out instructor will not be responsible for any group conflicts that were not communicated in advance.

Each team has to have 5 members strictly – A team with less than 5 people will not be accepted by instructor and your paper will not be checked. If you have a serious issue that requires exception contact your instructor right away and seek permission/approval.

Assessment Criteria:

You will be marked for the following:

1. Clarity: Refers to clarity of writing – How easily understandable your concepts are. How grammatically correct the entire project is. Although simple, error free English is okay but at post grad level you are required to write in formal/academic style.

2. References/Sources: You are required to use at least 15 references for the team project (at least 6 of 15 references should be academic/peer reviewed)

3. Formatting: Assignment should adhere to the APA formatting style; Times new roman, font size 12, double spacing. You should also know the difference between essay/paper and report.

4. Coherence: Since this is a team project, this should not look like different pieces of writing put together. The paper should have connectivity, good transitions and coherence through out.

5. Analysis: Analysis is at the heart of paper – this project requires you to analyse either regions or multinational companies and their union relations globally. You must focus your analysis on region specific/company specific knowledge. Theoretical assignments will be marked down. Use as many region specific/company specific examples as you can.

6. Paper requirements: Lastly, you will be assessed based on whether or not you have answered the questions being asked AND whether your group understood the paper requirements or not.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Being On A Team

Prepare a paper discussing the advantages and disadvantages of being on a team.

The paper needs to be 4-6 pages (excluding title, abstract and references), utilizing a minimum of 5 academic sources and adhering to APA format.

explain in Detail How We Can Reduce Crime in America?

Explain in Detail How We Can Reduce Crime in America?

The research paper topic should be from the list on your syllabus. It should present the basic, relevant information known about the topic and should conclude with a list of recommendations.

Economic Shocks And COVID-19

Using the posted videos and the AD-SAS-LAS model, lead a class discussion of how COVID-19 impacted the short-run and long-run behavior of output/income, the price level and interest rates at the start of the global pandemic in 2020.  Some pundits at the time argued that COVID-19 was to be an exogeneous negative supply shock with stagflationary consequences (a rise in both unemployment and inflation) to follow, and other economists argue that COVID-19 would be an exogenous negative demand shock with recessionary consequences to follow soon.  Using the videos, outside news articles, your own research, and the AD-SAS-LAS model, which side had the stronger argument or is a conclusion non-determinant?  Or, rather than this be one type of shock versus another, is this a case of both shocks happening simultaneously; where each shock if feeding off the other [HINT: Explain using the AD-SAS-LAS model in the context of a the circular flow of income model covered in chapter 19]?

Discuss The Pros And Cons Which Might Arise Toward The Passing Or Defeating Of A Bill To Allow Casino.

As a junior congress person you have been asked to help promote a bill to allow casino gambling in your state. There is much opposition to this bill. Using distributive bargaining, discuss the pros and cons which might arise toward the passing or defeating of this bill.

write an initial post (300 words)

and one secondary post (200 words) (reply to the classmate’s post, file attached)

What are the advantages, strengths and/or weaknesses of remote access methods

What are the advantages, strengths and/or weaknesses of remote access methods and techniques such as RADIUS, RAS, TACACS+  and VPN?

Inclusive Voices,

Read about the Final Project, “Inclusive Voices,” Instructions


to show how a not-so-well-known person or movements’ emergent truth pushes back against dominant cultures’ non-inclusive or discriminatory narrative through using their voice and actions to disrupt, and create positive change.


1. Conduct research and write an APA formatted Research Essay using 3-5 sources

2. Then from the content of the Research Essay create your Final Presentation. Your Final Presentation, “Inclusive Voices,” will teach your reader/viewer what you discovered from conducting your research through a recorded poster presentation, video presentation, or voice-narrated PowerPoint presentation.

3. Create a Script that you will use to present your Final Presentation

Ultimately, you will use the questions below to write your paper and drive the content and organization of your presentation. Completing your research should be organized in the following way and answer the following questions about your person/movement:

The introduction should briefly introduce and state the issue to be examined. It should start with creative, attention-getting hook then state why you chose the person/movement, show how you will critically evaluate the person or movement you chose, and provide a clear thesis statement.

The body of your paper contains information that explains who the person/movement is, what they did, and then provides a status update. The sub-headers used in APA formatting provide your divisions.

(Sub-header:) Who are/were they?

This sections answers the question who are they? This defines them and their power and limitations in the culture of the time. This section provides any historical information that is relevant about them personally.

(Sub-header:) What was happening in culture of the time?

Here you will give some perspective about events and attitudes of the time and what happened that allowed a space for their voice. What was going on in dominant culture at the time that allowed for their entry point into the cultural narrative?

(Sub-header:) What did they do?

This section should specifically explain what was their action that disrupted dominant culture.

(Sub-header:) Where are they now?

Here you will explain what happened as a result of their action or voice. What is the trajectory or lasting effects?; provide a status update about them or their movement.

(Sub-header:) Conclusion

The conclusion of the paper should cover the three major parts.

· Answer: the thesis statement, revisited.

· Summary: main points and highlights from the body paragraphs.

· Significance: the relevance and implications of the essay’s findings and what further actions could still be taken.

More details of Requirements and Execution:

1. Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), with 1″ margins on all sides.

2. Title Page is required. The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author’s name, and the institutional affiliation including course name, professor’s name, and date. (centered)


4. Page number on each page

5. Acceptable fonts are 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode as well as serif fonts such as 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia

6. For citation information take a look at this particular page of the Perdue OWL site. (Links to an external site.)

The Great Gatsby and Washington Square

Both The Great Gatsby and Washington Square are very much novels of their time, giving great detail about social attitudes in general and male and female roles in society in particular. They are also books that are concerned with image, illusion, and relationships.

Consider the various pairings in each book:

The Great Gatsby:

Daisy Buchanan and Jay Gatsby Daisy Buchanan and Tom Buchanan

Myrtle Wilson and George Wilson Myrtle Wilson and Tom Buchanan

Nick Caraway and Jordan Baker Nick Carraway and Daisy Buchanan

Jay Gatsby and Nick Carraway Nick Carraway and Tom Buchanan

Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan

Washington Square:

Catherine Sloper and Morris Townsend Catherine Sloper and her father, Dr. Austin Sloper

Catherine Sloper and her aunt, Lavinia Penniman

Lavinia Penniman and Morris Townsend

Note that not all the pairings listed above are romantic relationships. Washington Square also focuses on family relationships as well as romantic ones, while The Great Gatsby also examines friendship.

In a well-developed essay of 4 to 6 pages (double-spaced), examine at least one pairing from each book, exploring the dynamic of expectation present (i.e., what does each person in the relationship want from the other? Expect from the other?).

Then compare the authors’ styles with each other. Who seems more successful in bringing their characters to life – Fitzgerald or James? How?

Do not just present unsupported opinion. Use examples and quotes from the books to illustrate and defend your point of view.

This project will serve in place of a midterm exam. We will discuss the ideas that you will explore in this paper in class as we discuss Washington Square, and The Great Gatsby, so you will have some basic material to draw upon for your writing.

Please note that any quoted material must have MLA citations and the books should be listed on a works cited page at the end of the essay.

Since you will have considerable time to work with the material, do your best to present thoughtful explorations of the concepts required. This is not a book or film review expressing your likes and dislikes but an examination of how the authors handle characterization.

explain why some organizations are accepting and other organizations are rejecting the use of Bitcoins as a standard form of currency.

This week’s reading centered around Bitcoin Economics.  For this week’s research paper, search the Internet and explain why some organizations are accepting and other organizations are rejecting the use of Bitcoins as a standard form of currency.  Your paper needs to identify two major companies that have adopted Bitcoin technology as well as one that has refused accepting Bitcoin as a form of currency. Be sure to discuss each organization, how they adopted (or why they won’t adopt) Bitcoin, and what recommendations you have for them to continue to support Bitcoin (or why they should support Bitcoin).Your paper should meet the following requirements:

  • Be approximately four to six pages in length, not including the required cover page and reference page.
  • Follow APA7 guidelines. Your paper should include an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.
  • Support your answers with the readings from the course and at least two scholarly journal articles to support your positions, claims, and observations, in addition to your textbook. The UC Library is a great place to find resources.
  • Be clearly and well-written, concise, and logical, using excellent grammar and style techniques. You are being graded in part on the quality of your writing